339922

湖南省人民政府门户网站 发布时间:20200529 【字体:

  339922

  

  20200529 ,>>【339922】>>,PassengersatBeijingNorthRailwayStationgetonthehigh-speedtrainG8811headingtoTaizichengRailwayStationatChongliOlympicVillage,onDec30,2019.(Photo/Xinhua)Chinaplanstobuildatleast4,000kilometersofnewrailwaylinesthisyear,including2,000kmofhigh-speedlines,thecountry'stoprailoperatorsaidonThursday.Theplanneddevelopmentofnewrailwaysthisyearispartofthenation'sefforttomaintainlarge-scalefixed-assetinvestment,LuDongfu,generalmanagerofChinaStateRailwayGroup,saidatitsannualworkconference.TheMinistryofTransportsaidinDecemberthatChinawouldspendatleast2.7trillionyuan($386billion)ontransportinfrastructureprojectsthisyear,with800billionyuangoingtorailways.In2019,802.9billionyuanwasspentonrailwaysinChinaand8,489kmofnewtrackbecameoperational,surpassingtheannualtargetsof800billionyuanforinvestmentand6,800kmofnewlines.Asaresult,thenation'sfast-expandingrailwaynetworkreachedatotallengthof139,000kmbytheendoflastyear,whilethehigh-speedrailnetworkexceeded35,000km,ayearaheadofChina'splantobuildatotalof30,000kmofhigh-speedrailwaylinesby2020.Amongthe51newrailwaylineslastyear,theopeningonMondayofthehigh-speedroutelinkingBeijingandZhangjiakou,co-hostcityofthe2022WinterOlympics,markssignificantprogressintheautopilotsystemofChina'shigh-speedtrains.Equippedwiththesystem,trainscanrunautomaticallyatamaximumdesignedspeedof350kmperhour.Asforthisyear,measureswillcontinuetobetakentobolsterareasofweaknessinthenation'srailwayinfrastructure,Lusaid.ConstructionoftheSichuan-TibetRailway,thesecondrailwayintotheTibetautonomousregionaftertheQinghai-Tibetline,willbeamajorprojectthisyear,hesaid.Thecompanycalledforpreparatoryworktotakeplaceontheproject'sofficiallaunch,includingoptimizingaplanfororganizingearlyconstructionofcertainsections,pushingforwardtherailway'sinitialdesign,anddrawingupitsspecifiedtechnicalandmanagementstandards.Lualsotoldtheconferencethatthetotalrevenueoftherailtransportsectorincreased6.1percentyear-on-yearin2019to818billionyuan,anditisexpectedtoreach868billionyuanbytheendof2020.Inabidtomakethecompanymoremarket-orientedandcapableofprovidingbettercargoandpassengertransportservices,itwillestablishamechanismforevaluatingtheprofitsoftrainoperationsandthusbetterorganizerailservices.Itwillalsoexploremoreflexiblepricingmechanismsforhigh-speedtrainsandofferdeeperdiscountsonagrowingnumberofrailwaylines,aswellasstartpilotingtheapplicationofdigitalticketingthroughoutthenetwork.ZhangXiaodong,aprofessorofrailtransportationeconomicsatBeijingJiaotongUniversity,said,"SincetheopeningofChina'sfirsthigh-speedrailway,theBeijing-Tianjinline,in2008,thecountryhasconstructedmorehigh-speedraillinesthanJapanandEuropedidin40years."Theconstructionofhigh-speedrailwaysinChinasavespassengerstraveltimeandhasassistedregionaleconomicdevelopment,hesaid,addingthatitalsoplayedanimportantroleinboostingtheflowoftalentandinformationandreshapingChina'seconomicmap.

     问:李宁的主要犯罪事实是什么?是否存在侵占他人科研经费的情节?  答:根据法庭审理查明的事实,李宁贪污款项,包括三部分,一是试验后的淘汰动物及牛奶售出款,二是其本人名下和他人名下的课题经费结余款,三是其本人和他人名下课题的劳务费结余款。  问:李宁作为我国动物转基因研究领域科学家的特殊身份及其曾作出的科研贡献,对其定罪量刑是否有影响?  答:李宁伙同张磊贪污一案,是国家审计署进行专项审计中发现交由最高人民检察院依法查处,并经最高人民法院指定由吉林省松原市中级人民法院审理的重大、疑难、复杂案件。

 

  Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  在共同犯罪中,李宁系共同贪污的主犯,具有法定从重处罚情节,本案部分赃款已追缴,对李宁可酌情予以从轻处罚。

 

  <<|339922|>>法院遂依法作出上述判决。

     我国刑法明确规定:“对任何人犯罪,在适用法律上一律平等。第二,从开庭审理查明的事实和证据来看,李宁对其相关科研项目不存在投入自筹资金的情况,全部涉案资金均来源于国家财政下拨经费。

 

   在案件审理期限届满前可依法报请审理法院的上级法院和最高人民法院批准延长审理期限,完全符合法律规定。Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

   Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  在共同犯罪中,李宁系共同贪污的主犯,具有法定从重处罚情节,本案部分赃款已追缴,对李宁可酌情予以从轻处罚。

 

   科研经费来源于国家有关部门,属于财政资金,必须专款专用,科研经费划拨给高校后,其属性仍是国有财产,而不属于课题负责人或课题组的个人财产,依据法律规定,侵吞、骗取科研经费的行为构成贪污罪。  问:庭审中,李宁坚持认为自己的行为不是贪污,截留的经费是为了继续进行科研活动,相关公司是为科研活动需要而设立的平台公司。

 

  (环彦博 20200529 环彦博)

信息来源: 湖南日报    责任编辑: 环彦博
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